Unfortunately, the history of mankind has often been a turbulent and violent one. Wars have been waged all over the world throughout the years and we still have some remnants of historical battles and times today. These are some of the top historical forts and fortresses to visit on the planet.
1. Citadelle Laferriere – Haiti
This fortress in northern Haiti is the biggest in the Western Hemisphere. A Haitian rebel leader had it built in the 19th century following Haiti’s independence from France. The fortress is a national symbol and is about 110,000 square feet in size.
2. Fort York – Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This fort was built late in the 18th century and is located in Toronto, Canada’s largest city. It was erected by the British Army and was used to protect Upper Canada against American forces back in 1813. The fort was destroyed by the U.S. but was later rebuilt.
3. The Tower of London, London, England
This is one of the most famous forts in the world as it sites on the banks of the Thames River in England’s capital. William the Conquerer built the tower in 1078. Over the years it’s been used as a palace, prison, and Royal Mint. The crown jewels of England are now stored here.
4. El Morro, Havana, Cuba
This fort was constructed back in 1589 and sits in Havana harbour. It was built to protect the city from invasion, but unfortunately it was captured after its first battle as the British took it in 1762. The fort is still in fine condition and is the home of Havana’s harbour master.
5. Peter and Paul Fortress, St. Petersburg, Russia
This fortress was built in 1703 by Peter the Great as a way to protect St. Petersburg from Swedish troops during the Northern War.
There are several important buildings in the complex. These include the Peter and Paul Cathedrals, which is the burial place of several Russian tsars, as well as the Russian Mint.